Quality Assurance Working Group (QAWG)
On 7th October, the QAWG met regarding several key topics related to the HCSA’s work on Quality Assurance. The meeting started with updates on the status of quality reviewed HCSA and HCV-HCSA assessments. A new development was shared on the HCSA’s calculation of tonnes of carbon in above-ground biomass, within HCS forest areas identified for conservation in assessments (see new metric included in HCSA’s infographic at the end of this newsletter). The meeting then focused on a review of a new drafted template by RSPO’s No Deforestation Task Force related to peer reviews of the HCSA assessments, commissioned by RSPO member companies. This template is aimed to support clearer pass or fail conclusions about the absolute quality of an HCSA assessment and its adherence to RSPO certification requirements. The next steps for further QAWG consultation on the template were outlined. The focus of the meeting then switched to training and working group members decided to allow for the HCSA and HCV-HCSA training courses to be conducted virtually, due to COVID-19 related challenges of conducting in-person training. A presentation was then given by the High Conservation Value Network (HCVN) regarding a review conducted on its Assessor Licensing Scheme, with outcomes relevant to quality assurance of HCV-HCSA assessments and current and future activities to improve the system. The meeting concluded with a focus on the next steps of the QAWG’s work plan activities
Social Requirements Working Group (SRWG)
On 12th October, the SRWG met and discussed the implementation of HCSA’s Social Requirements (SRs) over the last year as well as future SRWG plans. Discussions covered in the meeting included: how plantation company members are implementing the SRs within their operations and supply chains; feedback on SR training materials which are now on the HCSA website; how best to set up and manage a virtual SRs helpdesk; and priorities for additional training materials tailored to various audiences including for communities and third party suppliers. The meeting participants received an update on a trial of SR13 Implementing the Social Requirements (SRs) when applying the HCSA to existing operations, the trial is to take place with an HCSA member at one of their concessions in Central Kalimantan. An update on an HCSA trial application was also shared for landscape application, that would incorporate the SRs, in Aceh province, Indonesia. Action points from the meeting included: the importance of capturing and sharing lessons on SRs implementation case studies; closer engagement with other working groups on how they are incorporating the SRs; inviting other working groups to participate in future meetings of the SRWG. Topics for future SRWG meetings were agreed including covering themes that cross over with other working groups, such as Smallholder and Quality Assurance, and will be held every three or four months over the coming year.
Protection Working Group (PWG)
On 14th October, the PWG met to discuss the work plan for the group in 2021–2022. The discussions centred on the important work of trialling the Integrated Conservation Land Use Plan Development and Implementation (ICLUP) interim guidance developed by the PWG. The proposed plan is that HCSA plantation company members will conduct self-assessments of their current management plans (otherwise known as proposed ICLUPs), where HCV-HCSA assessments have been completed, and provide feedback on the challenges to align and update their plans with the ICLUP guidance for review by the PWG. The PWG will then discuss these challenges and proposals to overcome them before plantation companies implement the guidance and share their updated ICLUPs with the PWG. The results and discussions will be used by the PWG to improve and finalise the ICLUP guidance. The Secretariat is seeking additional feedback from the working group members to finalise the draft Terms of Reference for the ICLUP trialling, and further, engage plantation company members or other Toolkit users to trial the ICLUP guidance.
Large Scale Implementation Technical Working Group (LITWG)
On 21st October 2021, HCSA’s LITWG met to gather feedback on HCSA’s revised Large Scale Mapping Framework, share updates from project partners, and discuss the next steps in implementing the 2021/2022 LITWG work plan. The Large Scale Mapping Framework is draft guidance to produce indicative HCS forest maps at the landscape and regional scales, with the objective of developing globally consistent and publicly available HCS forest maps to facilitate the adoption of the HCS Approach across commodity sectors, producer groups, and tropical forest regions. The HCSA Secretariat provided an update on the latest version of the framework along with a new Accuracy Assessment Addendum. This Addendum was developed to provide guidance on quality assurance, including accuracy thresholds of indicative maps.
Project partner EcoVision Lab at ETH Zurich shared the results of their space-borne, LIDAR-based indicative HCS forest map covering Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines, developed in collaboration with HCSA member Barry Callebaut. They also presented their plans to expand HCS forest map production to West and Central Africa, and the possibilities of producing regularly updated indicative HCS forest maps at a global scale. Because the HCS Approach incorporates the HCV Approach through the use of Integrated HCV-HCS Assessments, the High Conservation Value Network shared updates on the HCV Screening for Landscapes and Jurisdictions, which mirrors the efforts of HCSA LITWG in the implementation of conservation approaches at the landscape scale for HCS forests, but with a focus on High Conservation Values for landscapes and jurisdictions.
As HCSA is working to develop guidance on implementing the HCSA at a landscape scale, input was sought from participants regarding priority selection criteria for producing and fundraising for indicative HCS forest maps, accuracy assessment protocols. The role of HCSA in the collection of independent field plot data to improve the accuracy of artificial intelligence/machine learning in the resolution of indicative HCS forest maps and establishing and working with the proposed Landscape Approach Working Group (LAWG) to potentially develop a landscape/jurisdictional module was also discussed. The meeting concluded with a request for input on the Large-Scale Mapping Framework by 10th November, and expressions of interest in collaborating on the production of large-scale indicative HCS maps for priority landscapes through a survey.
Smallholder Working Group (SHWG)
The SHWG met on the 16th of November. The meeting focused primarily on the learnings from recent trials of the draft HCSHCV Simplified Smallholder Approach (Version 5) and how they could be used to propose changes to a new draft version (Version 6). The trials were conducted by HCSA’s smallholder member leading the development of the Simplified Smallholder Approach, Serikat Petani Kelapa Sawit (SPKS), in Sanggau and Sekadau, West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Based on the trials, the key proposed changes in the implementation of the smallholder approach are additional steps in the methodology. Social Mapping and an additional village consultation to determine the Area of Interest (AOI) are both proposed to be conducted after (Stage 1) of the HCS-HCV Simplified Smallholder Approach. Also included were steps to identify roles of the local community, local expert, and facilitator more clearly during the Preparation Stage (Stage 1), as well as to gather feedback and decisions from incorporated institutions and other community-level institutions during the decision-making processes in the finalisation of the management plan (Stage 4). The SHWG aims to finalise and launch the Simplified HCS-HCV Approach for Smallholders in Indonesia, including completing a consultation process for Version 6 of the methodology with the SHWG members, the HCSA Steering Group (SG) and the HCSA Executive Committee (EC) by Q2 2022.
HCSA member Earthworm Foundation (EF) also presented a summary of results from an HCSA trial they conducted with smallholders in the San Martin, Ucayali, and Huánuco regions of Peru. There was an overlap of learnings with the trials conducted by SPKS, namely that community members want a comprehensive approach to conserving HCS forests and HCVs, along with better production management practices. The community members and farmers also appreciate the articulation of the future vision of their farms through this simplified approach that will help diversify their livelihood through alternative incomes, including receiving benefits and incentives for their conservation efforts. The combined learnings from the trials will also inform the development of a global HCS-HCV Simplified Smallholder Approach that will be trialled in new regions and with rubber and cocoa sectors.
The meeting also highlighted key activities planned for 2022, including continuing to trial and establish the incentives and benefits required to achieve the long-term conservation of HCS forests and HCV areas; developing a community management and monitoring checklist and guidance for the long-term conservation of HCS forests and HCV areas; and supporting the expanded implementation of the Simplified HCS–HCV Approach for Smallholders (Indonesia) to other regions of Indonesia.
Exploring HCSA integration into Landscape Approaches
Following the 8th of June HCSA Steering Group (SG) meeting, the completion of the stakeholder survey on how the HCSA may best integrate and support its application in landscape and jurisdictional approaches, and discussions held by the HCSA Executive Committee (EC) on if the HCSA should set up a Landscape Approach Working Group (LAWG), a small coordinating group was convened to further define the scope, objectives, and activities of a potential LAWG. The group comprised of the HCSA Secretariat, Conservation International (CI), Earthworm Foundation (EF), Forest Peoples Program (FPP), and Rainforest Action Network (RAN) met and agreed to convene a stand-alone meeting with SG members to seek their further input into the decision on setting up the LAWG, and its terms of reference.
On 3rd November, the SG meeting was held and opportunities for HCSA to expand its engagement in landscape and jurisdictional approaches and whether to proceed with establishing a formal working group were discussed. During the discussion, the Secretariat provided an overview of the existing HCSA Working Groups, including the Large-scale Implementation Technical Working Group (LITWG), to provide context for how a LAWG would complement or support ongoing activities of other working groups. Jonathan Maerker (EF) presented, on behalf of the coordinating group, three key topics on which the LAWG could focus their efforts: (1) technical coordination and developing guidance materials, toolkits and support structures for how to conduct HCSA at the landscape level; (2) internal coordination, clarifying the role the LAWG can play within HCSA to coordinate with or support other working groups within the landscape and jurisdictional approaches; and (3) external coordination, clarifying the role HCSA can play to engage other landscape initiatives, platforms or actors. This was followed by a plenary discussion where members had the opportunity to provide general feedback or raise concerns, as well as breakout groups, which allowed for discussions around each topic.
At the conclusion of the meeting, a poll was taken to gauge member interest in moving forward with establishing the LAWG. In general, there was SG support to continue defining Terms of Reference for the LAWG through the smaller coordinating group. An invitation was made for other members to join the coordinating group, with Proforest expressing interest in joining.